Representation of the coastal zone of any island or cay of the Cuban archipelago. It includes a pond of 186 000 liters capacity where different specimens of sea turtles are exhibited, among which are: Caguama, Carey and Green Tortoise. Reproduction of the natural habitat is achieved with a beach environment and the "natural" vegetation typical of these marine ecosystems: Ipomoea pescaprae shore lily, Pancratium arenicolum lily, Morinda citrifolia, vomitel colorado Cordia sebestena French paradise Moringa oleifera , Bursera simaruba nursery, Hicacos Chysobalanus icaco, etc .; Florida pelicans Pelecanus occidentalis complement the system and visitor attraction.
The coastal caves are typical of the archipelago due to the action and erosion of the sea. Includes a water mirror.
One of the scientific achievements of the institution is the natural reproduction covering 380 m² of a mangrove forest with: Patacan Laguncularia racemosa and mangle prieto Avicennia germinans, reaching already more than 4 meters of height. The exhibition includes the so-called "ecological trail" of 25 m long and 1.20 m wide. It has been a point of attraction for the visitor, especially children.
In this area, there are three "natural" mangrove species, the red mangrove Rhizophora mangle, the mangrove pigeon Avicennia germinans, the white mangrove Laguncularia racemosa, unlike the previous one, includes a water mirror of 7000 liters. Species of fish typical of this tropical ecosystem are shown.
The expository sample in six 11,000 liters aquariums allows the observation of the main marine landscapes typical of the Cuban archipelago as it is advanced in depth from the coast. Landscapes reproduce the natural environment with a wide variety of fish and include corals, gorgonians and other marine invertebrates, all alive.
Among many other species stand out in this area:
Fish and Invertebrates
In a set of 24 fish ponds of 350 liters each are exhibited fish and marine invertebrates "alive" of small sizes and juveniles in correspondence with their natural habitat. The composition is as follows:
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For the best understanding of the concept of "sustainable development" is the exhibition area of commercial species, in 5 aquariums of 10,000 liters. Most are fish, mainly snappers Family Lutjanidae, snoring Family Haemulidae, Family Serranidae, etc. It complements the exhibition with crustaceans, turtles and sharks.